change system state (registers, memory, variables)

An example of changing system state

Changing the system state is a crucial task for the debuggers. You can change the system's state by using different commands in the debugger. It's also possible to change the system state by using the script engine.

In this example, we'll describe general examples that can be used to modify different registers, memory, and variables.

You can use all script engine statements in the script section of events or run them using the '?' command.

Changing registers

HyperDbg supports more than 100 registers and flags. You can see a complete list of these registers here. Changing registers is as easy as assigning new values to them.

For example,

If you want to change the RAX register to 0x55.

? @rax = 0x55;

Evaluationg a statement and changing EBX register by its result.

? @ebx = @rdx | 0xfffff550 + @edx;

You can also change the control registers, debug register, etc.

? @cr3 =  0xff00ee;

You can even change the program's flow by modifying the program counter (PC) and stack pointer.

? @rip =  0xfffff8003ad6f010; @rsp = fffff800`5b660000;

Changing global & local variables

You can change the local and global variables exactly the same as changing registers.

The following statement is used to change a global variable.

? .my_global_var =  @rax + @edx;

Or for the local variable:

? my_local_var =  @rax + @edx;

Changing memory

Modifying memory is possible through 'memory' functions.

The following code changes a byte to 0x90 at the location that the RCX register is pointing to, then adds 0x8 to it.

IsEditApplied = eb(poi(@rcx)+8, 0x90);

The following code edits memory (quad-word) at fffff8031d44fde0 and change it to 0x12345678deadbeef.

IsEditApplied = eq(fffff8031d44fde0, 0x12345678deadbeef);

You can also use these functions without checking for the return value.

eq(fffff8031d44fde0, 0x12345678deadbeef);

Checking Address Validity

In HyperDbg check_address function is used to check an address to see if the address is valid and safe to access from or not.

You can use this function with an if statement.

if (check_address(@r11) == 1) 
    printf("address is valid.\n");
    printf("address is invalid.\n");

Or assign the results to a variable.

IsValid = check_address(@rcx + 10);

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